Some interesting facts about Citrine…

Did you know…

A trace of iron in Citrine’s structure is responsible for its yellow-to-orange color?

Citrine is rare in nature, so most Citrine on the market is the result of heat treatment of Amethyst.

Citrine is recognized as one the most popular and frequently purchased yellow gemstones.

In the days before modern gemology, its darkish yellow color caused it to be confused with topaz.


Along with topaz, Citrine is a birthstone for November. It’s also recognized as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary.

How about it’s QUALITY?

The following factors combine to determine a Citrine’s value.

COLOR: Vivid yellows, reddish oranges, and earth tones are popular with consumers.

CLARITY: Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine. If present, they decrease its value.

CUT: Citrine might be carved, custom-cut, or calibrated for jewelry use.

CARAT WEIGHT: Citrine is available in a wide range of sizes for setting into a variety of jewelry styles.


1) It’s affordable.

Even fine citrine has a modest price tag. Large gems remain affordable, as price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.

2) Geodes

Giant hollow crystal-lined amethyst geodes from areas like Brazil are often heated to become giant citrine “cathedrals.”

3) Ametrine

In Bolivia, amethyst and citrine colors can occur together in the same crystal. These unique gems are called ametrine.

Citrine was often used in the crowns and jewels worn by royals and rulers. This was
because it was associated with qualities of strength, tenacity, dedication, and resilience.
Aside from its healing properties it is reputed to increase creativity, and restore energy.
They are also widely believed to bestow good fortune and success to the wearer, and
are often called the success stone.  The properties are said to give the wearer a sense
of positive hope for what is ahead. The November Birthstone makes a wonderful
birthday, anniversary, or holiday gifts.

"... The forest's filled by morning light in amber and citrine
reveals the white tail doe who leaps, as blackbirds sound the cry.
A cherished world of light and dark and colors in between...."

South Seas Cultured Pearls

The legendary allure of South Sea pearls comes from their transparent luster and unique play of colors that imparts a luminescent beauty. These qualities define the finest nacre and make South Sea Pearls the most valuable of all pearls. The finest of these pearls have nacre measuring between 3.0mm and 6.0mm.


Color overtones range from white pink and silver pink to dark gold. Australian pearls can throw fancy colors including red gold — extremely rare and highly regarded. Ideal South Sea cultured pearl strands have a natural luster and color — no enhancements. This is the South Sea pearl quality you want.

How Extraordinary is a Matched Strand?

The meticulous matching required to create an extraordinary strand can take up to a decade. This process leaves no room for compromise.


Australian oysters and ocean conditions are generally credited with producing the largest and finest quality pearls. From the 1800s, it was the primary source of the world’s largest and most valuable pearls. Aware that their pearls would be in high demand, Australia pioneered the South Sea cultured pearl industry, coaxing the sensitive Pinctada Maxima oyster to yield pearls — no easy feat.


P. Maxima is the largest pearl oyster, and it is rare, unable to survive outside small remote areas of natural habitat. Culturing it is extremely difficult. Labor-intensive farms must be situated in the isolated locations that meet P. Maxima’s highly specific needs. Each oyster can grow only one pearl at a time and takes about two years. It can only be reseeded three to four times. Not every P. Maxima will produce a pearl. Most South Sea cultured pearls range from 10.0 to 15.0 mm taking two years to grow. Larger pearls up to 20mm take four to six years of growth. Australia protects its wild oyster stocks by strictly enforcing production quotas.


This amazing oyster lives up to 40 years and can grow to 300mm in shell length. Impressed? Wait. Like many other saltwater oysters, it functions as both a male and a female during its life. It matures first as a male at 110mm to 120mm or three to four years. By 170mm half are females and by 190mm all are females.


Originally exclusive to Australia, South Sea pearls are cultured in Indonesia, Burma, and the Philippines, but the characteristics and quality of these pearls can vary greatly. Indonesia and Burma produce mainly white to yellow and also gold, while the Philippines produce mainly yellow and gold.

Thank Henry Ford . . it’s the weekend!

It’s been a long, busy week in our showroom and at the bench.

We love working and helping customers, but we also enjoy having some time off on the weekend.

Have you ever stopped to wonder who invented weekends? As much as we love weekends, would you believe that they’ve only been around for less than 100 years?

During the Industrial Revolution, factories needed to be running around the clock so employees during this era frequently worked between 10-16 hour days. In the 1920s however, it was Henry Ford, founder of Ford Motor Company, that established the 5-day, 40-hour work week.

Even though the federal government didn’t begin to limit companies to a 40-hour work week until 1938, Ford began to give his factory workers a two-day weekend in the early 1900s.

Ford recognized that the economy got a boost if workers have a couple of days off each week to purchase goods and enjoy using them.

Hope you have a great weekend! The forecast calls for snow but you can still enjoy your time off! There is so much to do here in Longmont and in Boulder County.

Our dear friend, Peter owner of Anvil Distillery just stopped by to say hi. If you’re in the mood for amazing hand crafted spirits, check out their tasting room…you’ll be amazed!

Purple & Blue

The birthstones for February and March are a few of our favorites: Amethyst and Aquamarine.
Amethyst comes in shades of purple and is almost as popular as the classics: ruby, sapphire and emerald. In fact it is related to the emerald, both belonging to the beryl family.
The word amethyst comes from the Greek word “amethystos,” translated as “not drunken.”

The Greeks believed Amethyst gems could prevent intoxication, while medieval European soldiers wore amethyst amulets as protection in battle in the belief that amethysts heal people and keep them cool-headed.
It is used as a dream stone and to help insomnia. Put an Amethyst under your pillow to bring about pleasant dreams, or rub it across your forehead to offer relief from a headache.

Amethyst Morganite
Ancient Egyptians used Amethyst to guard against guilty and fearful feelings.
Amethyst is a gemstone often worn by healers, as it has the power to focus energy and also used for problems in the blood and in breathing problems. Amethyst crystal clusters are used to keep the air and life force in the home clean and positive.

aquamarine and sapphire necklace

Turing to March, the birthstone is Aquamarine and comes in shades of pale blue to a strong sea-blue. It gets its color from Iron.
The more intense the color of an Aquamarine, the more value is put on it. Some aquamarines have a light, greenish shimmer. However, it is a pure, clear blue that is typical of aquamarine, because it brings out so well the perfect transparency and magnificent shine of this gemstone.

aquamarine ring
Many Aquamarine are almost entirely free of inclusions. Aquamarine has good hardness (7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale) and a wonderful shine. That hardness makes it very tough and protects it to a large extent from scratches.


The Gold Market Jewelers on 17th & Pace. Serving customers in Longmont, Firestone, Mead, Berthoud, Niwot, Lyons, Boulder and beyond.

For 2015 Pantone Color of the Year, think Garnet!

Pantone Marsala

The International color authority, Pantone announced that the 2015 Color of the Year is “Marsala, a naturally robust and earthy wine red.”

“Marsala enriches our mind, body and soul, exuding confidence and stability. Marsala is a subtly seductive shade, one that draws us in to its embracing warmth.”


Leatrice Eiseman
Executive Director, Pantone Color Institute®


It’s already hit the runways and you’ll see lots of this color coming this year. If you plan on investing in Marsala-colored fashions, try pairing with grays, pinks and pale blues. Also neutrals like taupe, golden yellow and green-blue such as turquoise and teal, and will all complement Marsala.

If you’re not ready to invest in too much of the color, you can also just accessorize with Pantone’s Color of the Year, with shoes, pillows, or our favorite:  jewelry.

garnet earringsgarnet ring Continue reading

The air is crisp and leaves are bright and yellow…



This reminds us of the two birthstones for November: Topaz and Citrine.

Topaz is available in a rich rainbow of colors. The most prized color is Imperial Topaz, named after the Russian Czars of the 1800s with a magnificent orange body with pinkish undertones. Topaz also comes in yellow, pink, purple, orange and blue.

pink topaz


Citrine is known as the “healing quartz.” This golden gemstone is known to support vitality and health while bringing hope, energy and warmth to the wearer. Citrine comes in a number of shades from pastel yellow to dark brown orange. Good news: it’s one of the most affordable of gemstones and plentiful in nature! Citrine is mostly found in Brazil, Bolivia and Spain.

citinre pendant

The Gold Market Jewelers has a variety of Topaz and Citrine earrings, rings and necklaces to choose from. Celebrate the colors of November and of the Fall in style… and Happy Birthday to all Scorpios and early Sagittarius!

The Gold Market Jewelers, authorized dealer of Pandora jewelry, Bulova and Seiko watches, Lashbrook Rings, Endless Design and Rhythm Small World musical clocks.

We’re located at 17th & Pace, next to Safeway and happily serve customers with fine jewelry and repair needs from Longmont, Firestone, Mead, Berthoud, Lyons, Niwot, Boulder and beyond.


Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors. Prized for several thousand years in antiquity, all yellow gems in antiquity were called topaz. Often confused with citrine quartz (yellow) and smoky quartz (brown), quartz and topaz are separate and unrelated mineral species. The most prized color of topaz is called Imperial topaz after the Russian Czars of the 1800s and features a magnificent orange body color with pinkish undertones. Topaz also comes in yellow, pink, purple, orange, and the many popular blue tones. – See more at:
Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors. Prized for several thousand years in antiquity, all yellow gems in antiquity were called topaz. Often confused with citrine quartz (yellow) and smoky quartz (brown), quartz and topaz are separate and unrelated mineral species. The most prized color of topaz is called Imperial topaz after the Russian Czars of the 1800s and features a magnificent orange body color with pinkish undertones. Topaz also comes in yellow, pink, purple, orange, and the many popular blue tones. – See more at:
Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors. Prized for several thousand years in antiquity, all yellow gems in antiquity were called topaz. Often confused with citrine quartz (yellow) and smoky quartz (brown), quartz and topaz are separate and unrelated mineral species. The most prized color of topaz is called Imperial topaz after the Russian Czars of the 1800s and features a magnificent orange body color with pinkish undertones. Topaz also comes in yellow, pink, purple, orange, and the many popular blue tones. – See more at:

Gem of the Sun



Peridot is the birthstone for August and the 15th anniversary gemstone.

The word peridot comes from the Arabic “faridat,” which means “gem.”

Most peridot formed deep inside the earth and was delivered to the surface by volcanoes.

Found in lava, meteorites, and deep in the earth’s mantle, yellow-green peridot is considered an extreme gem.

Some also came to earth in meteorites, but this extraterrestrial peridot is extremely rare, and not likely to be seen in a retail jewelry store.

peridot pendant

Peridot has always been associated with light.

The ancient Egyptians mined peridot on the Red Sea island of Zabargad (St. John’s Island) the source for many large fine peridots in the world’s museums.

peridot stones


The Egyptians called it the “gem of the sun.”

Today this gem is still prized for its restful yellowish green hues and long history.

Interesting facts:

*Some peridot is ancient: it’s found in pallasite meteorites, remnants of our solar system’s birth.

*In 2005, peridot was found in comet dust brought back from the Stardust robotic space probe.

*Some historians believe that Cleopatra’s famous emerald collection might actually have been peridot, and people in medieval times continued to confuse peridot with emerald.

*For centuries, people believed the fabulous 200-ct. gems adorning the shrine of the Three Holy Kings in Germany’s Cologne Cathedral were emeralds. But they are, in fact, peridots.

Peridot space

Ideas for Peridot in Jewelry:

Pair it with Amethyst and Garnet for fabulous earrings . . .

peridot amethyst garnet

Accent it in a Cultured Pearl Pendant with Blue Topaz . . .

peridot pendant with pearl

Add to a fun multi-gem bracelet . . .

peridot multi bracelet


Surround it in a Diamond Ring  . . .

Peridot ring


We Peridot heart  Peridot!

The Gold Market Jewelers, located at 17th & Pace next to Safeway.

Providing excellent and friendly service to customers from Longmont, Firestone, Frederick, Mead, Berthoud, Lyons, Estes Park, Niwot and Boulder.


Mine Your Own Diamonds and Get to Keep Them Too!

Big Diamond

We’ve been celebrating Diamonds all month at The Gold Market Jewelers as it is the birthstone for those lucky ones in April–and also since it’s bridal season too!

Here is some interesting information about Diamonds:

The only diamond mine in the world where you can be the miner is at The Arkansas Diamond Mine at Crater of Diamonds State Park. This Diamond Mine is located near Murfreesboro, Arkansas. For a small fee, you can enter the mine, search all day and keep any diamonds that you find. Just last year, a young Boy Scout found a 5 Carat diamond!

The diamonds at the Park occur in the soil and that makes them easy to look for. Some people find them after it rains by walking through the field looking for the bright reflection of the diamond that has been washed clean by the water.

More interesting facts:

• Crater Diamonds State Park is the only diamond mine in the U.S.

• Even though the U.S. is the largest consumer of diamonds, it has almost no production. The top 3 diamond mines in the world are Botswana, Russia and Canada, but fewer that 20 percent of diamonds mined worldwide are true-gem quality.

•Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on Earth.

• Most are between 1-2 billion years old.

• In ancient times, Diamonds were believed to promote strength, invincibility, courage and had power to ward off evil.

• The word “Diamond” is adopted from the Greek word “adamas” meaning “Invincible”.

• The value of a Diamond is based upon it Carat weight, Clarity, Color and quality of its Cut.

• They come in a wide range of colors including black, blue, green, pink, red, purple, orange and yellow. The color is dependent on the type of impurities that are present in the stone.  Yellow stones have minuscule traces of nitrogen while blue ones contain boron.

Diamond_color2trio rings

Diamonds are beautiful and the ultimate gift for a loved one.

Happy April and Happy Birthday to those celebrating birthdays this month. Also remember that Diamonds are for celebrating the 10th, 60th and 75th anniversaries--much deserved if married that long! 🙂

The Gold Market Jewelers–Fine Jewelry & Repairs, Serving customers from Longmont, Firestone, Mead, Berthoud, Niwot, Boulder, Lafayette, Erie, Broomfield, Westminster

St. Paddy’s day is only a week away. How will you celebrate your Lucky day?

We all have a little Irish spirit in all of us, and we love many things Irish: Guinness, Baileys, Lucky charms, Daniel Day Lewis and of course U2!

But as for jewelry, a big favorite is the Irish Claddagh Ring–mostly because of the meaning and significance.


It’s not just in the crown, heart and clasping hands, but also extends to the hand on which the ring is worn and the direction in which the heart on the ring points. Continue reading

The Lure of Birthstones & Difference between Minerals and Gems


The basic human need to own and wear materials we consider special is what drives us to collect rocks and minerals. Perhaps this explains the lure of birthstones. How powerful it is to have our month of birth represented by a beautiful natural gemstone. We can own and display our special stone and feel embraced by its beauty.

Continue reading